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Date : 24/12/2023

Woodside Energy (ASX: WDS) Proposed Merger with Santos: A Strategic Move or a Short-Term Fix?

Woodside Energy (ASX: WDS) is undergoing significant financial hurdles. Since November 2023, the company’s share price has experienced a sharp decline of 13.5%, and this downward trend has been more pronounced with a 22% fall since mid-September. These significant losses in market value have raised alarms among stakeholders and market analysts alike. Amidst this backdrop, Woodside Energy is considering a merger with Santos, leading to questions about whether this move is a short-term fix or a strategic long-term decision.

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WDS: The Oil Price Dilemma

At the heart of Woodside Energy’s challenges lies the volatile nature of oil prices. Like many players in the energy sector, the company is heavily influenced by the ebb and flow of oil markets. After a relatively stable period, the oil industry has been rocked by a significant price drop, with oil per barrel prices tumbling from around $100 to less than $80. This decline directly and substantially impacts Woodside’s financial outlook and future projections. The company’s fortunes, tethered closely to the whims of one commodity, illustrate the inherent risks and volatility in the oil and gas industry.

WDS: Navigating Through Economic Headwinds

Woodside’s concerns extend beyond the fluctuating oil prices. The company is also grappling with broader economic challenges that have global implications. A slowdown in manufacturing activities worldwide, coupled with uncertain economic indicators from key regions like the Eurozone and China, has decreased energy demand. This dip in demand directly impacts businesses like Woodside, which depend on robust global economic activity for growth and profitability.

Furthermore, decisions made by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) still hold considerable weight despite their waning influence. OPEC’s recent decision to cut oil production by about 2.2 million barrels per day could significantly impact Woodside’s operations and strategic positioning within the intricate global oil markets.

The Woodside-Santos Merger: A Gamble on the Future?

In response to these challenges, Woodside has entered into preliminary discussions with Santos about a potential merger. This move could be a game-changer in the energy sector, potentially creating an $80 billion oil and gas behemoth. The combined entity would boast substantial assets, including Woodside’s Pluto gas export plant in Western Australia and various global interests.

However, while this merger could position the new entity as one of the world’s top LNG producers, its success is contingent on several variables. These include regulatory approvals, shareholder consensus, and the state of the current market. An underlying concern is the future of the Scarborough LNG project – will it meet its deadlines and budget expectations?

WDS: What Does the Market Say?

Given these developments and the market’s inherent unpredictability, analysts are cautiously approaching Woodside’s prospects. The company faces hurdles with its key projects, Scarborough and Pluto 2, which are susceptible to regulatory challenges and market pressures. These factors could significantly influence the company’s earnings estimates and project timelines. Recent revisions in earnings projections for Woodside, considering the difficulties in the LNG market and the potential outcomes of the ongoing discussions, paint a bleak picture. Analysts predict a 15% decline in revenue and a substantial reduction in the company’s profit for the upcoming year. The financial results due in February are highly anticipated, as they will provide clearer insights into Woodside’s current state and future trajectory.


As Woodside Energy deliberates its merger with Santos, the company stands at a crossroads. While the merger presents an opportunity for significant expansion and consolidation in the energy sector, it also brings many challenges and uncertainties. The fluctuating oil prices, global economic slowdown, and regulatory landscapes are just a few of the factors that will determine the success of this potential merger. For Woodside and its stakeholders, the coming months will be critical in shaping its future direction and role in the global energy market. Whether this merger is a visionary strategy for long-term growth or a temporary solution to current woes remains to be seen.

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